Diabetes Diet: Allowed, Prohibited Foods
In the diabetes diet, the consumption of simple sugar and foods rich in white flour should be avoided. In addition, it is also necessary to reduce the consumption of large amounts of any food with a lot of carbohydrates, even if they are considered healthy, such as fruits, brown rice and oats.
This is because the excess of carbohydrates in the same meal stimulates the increase in blood glucose, leading to uncontrolled diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the type that usually appears as a consequence of being overweight and having a poor diet, which occurs in adulthood. It is easier to control and improves greatly with the adequacy of the diet, weight loss and regular physical activity.
What is allowed in diabetes?
Foods allowed in the diabetes diet are those rich in fiber, protein and good fats, such as:
Whole grains: whole wheat flour, rice and pasta, oats, popcorn
Grains: beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, peas
Vegetables in general, except potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava and yam, as they have a high concentration of carbohydrates and should be consumed in small portions
Meat in general, except processed meat, such as ham, turkey breast, sausage, sausage, bacon, bologna and salami
Fruits in general, as long as consumed 1 unit at a time
Good fats: avocado, coconut, olive oil, coconut oil and butter
Oilseeds: chestnuts, peanuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds
Milk and dairy products, paying attention to choosing yoghurts without added sugar.
It is important to remember that tubers, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, cassava and yams are healthy foods, but because they are rich in carbohydrates, they should also be consumed in small amounts.
Recommended amount of fruit Because they have their natural sugar, called fructose, fruits should be consumed in small amounts by diabetics.
Foods banned in the diabetes diet are those high in sugar or simple carbohydrates, such as:
Sugar and sweets in general
Honey, fruit jelly, jams, marmalade, confectionery and pastries
Sweets in general, chocolates and sweets
Sugary drinks, such as soft drinks, industrialized juices, chocolate milk
It is important for diabetics to learn to read product labels before consuming, because sugar may appear hidden in the form of glucose, glucose or corn syrup, fructose, maltose, maltodextrin or inverted sugar.
In the diabetes diet it is important to control meal times to prevent hypoglycemia, especially before exercising.