Although each organism is unique and has its particularities, it is possible to trace some similarities between individuals and, from there, define standard biotypes – which are determined, essentially, according to the bone structure and the functioning of the metabolism. For those who do not know, there are three basic categories that serve to differentiate the biotypes of the human body: ectomorph, mesomorph and endomorph. Do you want to know more about them? Here, we list the main characteristics of each group and explain why it is important to know their biotype.
What are the differences between ectomorph, mesomorph and endomorph biotypes?
To differentiate body biotypes, it is important to analyze two simple factors: the bone structure (which may be more compact or elongated) and the functioning of the metabolism (which may be slower or faster). Discover the main characteristics of each category:
Ectomorph is a lean biotype with an accelerated metabolism
Do you know that profile of a very thin, tall person who has difficulty gaining weight? It fits perfectly into the ectomorph biotype. People with this type of organism have a very fast metabolism – that is, they are less likely to accumulate fat, because they burn calories more easily. In addition, an individual with an ectomorphic body usually has elongated bones and short shoulders.
Mesomorph has medium bone and more athletic appearance
People with a mesomorphic body usually have an ease in both gaining weight and losing. Therefore, care with food should be very frequent. This biotype is basically defined by a medium bone, a more athletic appearance and strengthened muscles. An individual of this profile has intermediate metabolism (neither so fast nor so slow) and manages to gain lean mass quite easily – that is, weight training usually tends to pay off well.
Endomorph is a biotype that has a greater tendency to accumulate fat
The endomorphic biotype can be defined as the direct opposite of the ectomorph. Individuals with this profile have a slower metabolism and, consequently, a greater tendency to gain weight (increase in body fat). In addition, this biotype has a larger, wider bone structure and, like the mesomorph, has a certain facility in gaining muscle mass. Generally, people with an endomorphic body need to have greater control with the consumption of certain foods (especially fatty or high-sugar products) to regulate their weight and cholesterol levels.
Discover your biotype for proper nutrition and training
Defining your biotype is important to lead a healthy and appropriate lifestyle according to your body. Who has an ectomorphic body, for example, can focus on eating foods rich in protein and bet on training aimed at greater muscle mass gain. Those who have an endomorphic biotype, on the other hand, must balance training between weight training and aerobic activity – to strengthen the muscles and, at the same time, have a good caloric expenditure. In this case, the consumption of thermogenic and diuretic foods (such as ginger, cinnamon, pepper, lemon and others) can also be beneficial to speed up the metabolism. The ideal is always to consult a nutritionist and a physical education professional to set up a personalized diet and know how to exercise in the best possible way.