The kidneys are two organs located on both sides of the spine, behind the last ribs, and measure about 12 centimeters and weigh approximately 150g each.
One in 10 people has kidney problems.
According to the World Society of Nephrology, 850 million people have kidney disease worldwide.
Chronic Kidney Disease causes at least 2.4 million deaths each year, with an increasing mortality rate.
Their main function is to filter the blood to control the amount of water and salt in the body, eliminate toxins and help control high blood pressure.
Producing hormones that prevent anemia and bone decalcification, in addition to eliminating drugs and other ingested substances are also the functions of the kidneys.
So it is essential that the kidneys need to be healthy.
Sick kidneys cause so-called kidney diseases, a cause of concern worldwide, due to the increasing number of cases
8 Important Tips for Taking Care of Your Kidney Health
Control your blood sugar
Do physical activities
Drink plenty of water daily
Do not smoke
Do not use drugs without medical advice
Have a healthy and balanced diet
Control your salt intake
Beware of alcoholic beverages
In addition to all the aspects mentioned above, it is also recommended to perform laboratory tests, at least once a year, to monitor blood glucose levels and assess the condition of the kidneys. Treating and controlling risk factors such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, cardiovascular disease and smoking are the main ways to prevent kidney disease.
6 Main Kidney Functions
The kidneys are responsible for several functions, but the following are noteworthy:
Blood pressure control
The production of hormones such as vitamin D³ and erythropoietin
Filtration of blood
The reabsorption of substances
The elimination of metabolic excreta as a result of chemical reactions carried out in the body
The hydroelectrolytic balance among others
As you have noticed, the kidneys involve vital functions of our organism, which is why we must be very careful not to compromise their proper functioning.