Vitamin and mineral deficiencies, especially anemia, are the most widespread nutrition problem worldwide. It affects billions of people from all walks of life and cultures. They are known as “hidden hunger”, because we often do not notice the symptoms until they are already too serious for health. Called micronutrients because they are needed only in minimal amounts, vitamins and minerals […]
Vitamin and mineral deficiencies, especially anemia, are the most widespread nutrition problem worldwide. It affects billions of people from all walks of life and cultures. They are known as “hidden hunger”, because we often do not notice the symptoms until they are already too serious for health.
Called micronutrients because they are needed only in minimal amounts, vitamins and minerals are essential and indispensable for human life.
The main causes of micronutrient deficiencies are:
Insufficient or inadequate food
Increased needs (for example, in pregnant women, children and athletes)
Presence of anti-nutritional substances in the diet, which decrease the absorption of micronutrients
Deficiencies of micronutrients, especially iron, are very serious. They negatively affect child growth and development, cognitive ability, the body’s defenses (immune system), physical and work capacity. During pregnancy, the risks of perinatal complications for pregnant women and newborns and maternal mortality increase.
The main deficiencies of micronutrients are: anemia and iron deficiency, vitamin D, vitamin B12, vitamin A and zinc. Not infrequently I also observe diets low in calcium, selenium, folic acid, vitamin E, vitamin K, among others.
Depending on each case, we can prevent and treat micronutrient deficiencies:
With food, including or reinforcing the consumption of food-sources of the main nutrients in a deficit in the diet and reducing the consumption of anti-nutritional factors.
With a supplementation of micronutrients, through an individualized formula prescribed for each case and with minimal contraindication.
Chronic non-communicable diseases are the leading cause of death in the world. They are cardiovascular diseases (mainly heart disease and infarction), diabetes, muscular and skeletal diseases (such as arthrosis) and some types of cancers (endometrial, breast and colon).
Prevention is simpler than treating. Thus, for healthy people, I seek to guide adequate and functional food so that it protects the heart and metabolism. For patients facing hypertension, high cholesterol or diabetes, diet therapy is essential in the treatment of the disease.
In the vast majority of cases, through food, we are able to control the evolution of the disease, relieve symptoms and increase quality of life and well-being.
In a real biochemical dance, the molecules in our body are in constant chemical reactions to produce both the energy necessary for the heartbeat, as well as to manufacture and regulate our hormones and neurotransmitters. Both are determining factors in our mental and emotional state.
Hormones are the true regulators of our metabolism, produced by different organs. They prepare our bodies to react to stressful situations or to digest heavy food, for example.
Neurotransmitters are the molecules in our brain that produce emotional states of pleasure, joy, stress and sadness, for example. They also determine our sleep and wakefulness. They interfere with our capacity for reasoning, concentration and pleasure.
Depending on the food we eat and the time we eat it, different nutrients reach our liver and brain, and thus different hormones and neurotransmitters are released. The balance in their production and release depends on adequate food and can be adjusted according to individual needs.
And beyond pure biochemistry, our emotional nutrition is also closely related to food. Since the first eating experiences in childhood, the relationship between the maternal presence and our food, the memory we have of the “flavors” of joy, sadness, euphoria, anxiety, longing, and all our thoughts, feelings, beliefs … All of this interferes with the way we eat and nourish ourselves.
So our well-being, disease prevention and the way we look at life is directly linked to the way we eat.