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Depersonalization disorder, or depersonification syndrome, is a disease in which a person feels disconnected from their own body, as if they were an external observer of themselves. It is common that there are also symptoms of derealization, which means a change in the perception of the environment that surrounds it, as if everything around it was unreal or artificial.

This syndrome can appear suddenly or gradually, and although it can appear in healthy people, in situations of stress, intense fatigue or drug use, it is very associated with psychiatric illnesses such as depression, anxiety disorders or schizophrenia.

To treat depersonification disorder, follow-up with a psychiatrist is necessary, who will guide the use of medications such as antidepressants and anxiolytics, as well as psychotherapy.

Main symptoms

In depersonalization and derealization disorder, the person processes their emotions in an altered way, developing symptoms such as:

Feeling that you are an external observer of your body or that the body does not belong to you

Notion that you are separate from yourself and the environment

feeling strange

Looking in the mirror and not recognizing yourself

Wondering if some things really happened to them or if they just dreamed or imagined these things.

Being somewhere and not knowing how you got there or having done something and not remembering how

Feeling as if they were two different people, because they change their behavior a lot from one situation to another

Feeling as if everything is blurry, in such a way that people and things seem to be far away or unclear, as if daydreaming

Thus, in this syndrome, the person may have the feeling that he is daydreaming or that what he is experiencing is not real, so it is common for this syndrome to be confused with supernatural events

The onset of the disorder can be sudden or gradual, and other psychiatric symptoms such as mood swings, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders are common. In certain cases, depersonalization may present single episodes, for months or years, and then it becomes continuous.

How to confirm

In case of symptoms that indicate depersonalization disorder, it is necessary to consult with the psychiatrist, who will be able to confirm the diagnosis by evaluating the symptoms and the intensity and frequency of these symptoms.

It is important to remember that it is not uncommon that some of the symptoms that indicate this syndrome can happen in isolation, at one time or another, however, if they are persistent or always happen, it is necessary to be concerned.

who has more risk

Depersonalization disorder does not have a specific cause, however it may be related to some situations or risk factors, such as:


Panic Syndrome


intense stress

Emotional abuse

Family member with a history of psychiatric illness

Long periods of sleep deprivation

Childhood trauma, especially physical and psychological abuse or abuse

Furthermore, this disorder can also be derived from the consumption of hallucinogenic drugs. It is important to remember that drugs, in general, are very associated with the development of psychiatric illnesses. Understand the types of drugs and their health consequences.

How is the treatment done

Treatment for depersonalization disorder should involve cognitive-behavioral therapy and/or psychodynamic psychotherapy sessions. In most cases, this disorder is accompanied by depression or anxiety, for example, and, therefore, the psychologist may recommend consulting a psychiatrist, who may recommend the use of some medications to help control anxiety and changes in the body. mood, with anxiolytic or antidepressant medications, such as Clonazepam, Fluoxetine or Clomipramine, for example.

It is important to continue therapy sessions with the psychologist and to be in contact with a mental health professional if there is no improvement even with psychotherapy sessions and medication use.

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